QUALITATIVE DISTRIBUTION OF HETEROTROPHIC BACTERIA IN THE NEAR SHORE HABITATS ALONG VISAKHAPATNAM COAST, INDIA

Viswanadham Allada

Abstract


Heterotrophic bacteria play an important role in food web. The diversity  distribution of heterotrophic bacteria in the near shore habitats along Visakhapatnam coast   was carried out for two years from May 2014 to May 2016.   The  study recorded the occurrence of 46 species of  heterotrophic bacteria in the near shore waters and sediments along Visakhapatnam coast.  They belong  to  Bacillus (16 species), Vibrio (11 species), Pseudomonas  (9 species),  Staphylococcus  (6 species) and Micrococcus  (4 species)  genera of the heterotrophic bacteria.  The heterotrophic bacteria  diversity distribution is compared with  similar investigations carried out elsewhere.   


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alavandi S.V. 1989. Heterotrophic bacteria in the coastal waters of Cochin. Ind J Mar Sci 18:174-176

Azam F., Fenchel T., Field J.G., Gray J.S., Meyer-Reil L.A. and Thingstad, F.,1983. The ecological role of water-column microbes in the sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 10, 257–263.

Azam F. and Malfatti F. 2007. Microbial structuring of marine ecosystems Nature Reviews on Microbiology 5:782-794

Basak P., Majumder N.S., Nag S., Bhattacharyya A., Pattonayak R. , Ghosh A., Chattopadhyay D. and Bhattacharyya M. 2014. Spatiotemporal analysis of bacterial diversity in sediments of Sundarbans using parallel 16s rRNA gene tag sequencing. Microb Ecol. 69:500 doi:10.1007/s00248-014-0498-y.

Baumann L., Baumann P., Mandel M. and Allen R.D. 1972. Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. J.Bacteriol. 110: 402-429

Cappuccino J.G and Sherman N. 2001. Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual. Sixth Edition. Benjamin Cummings, San Franscisco 491 pp

Carreira C., Piel T., Staal M., Stuut J.W., Middelboe M. and Brussaard C.P.D. 2015. Microscale spatial distributions of microbes and viruses in intertidal photosynthetic microbial mats. Springer Plus 4: 239. DOI 10.1186/s40064-015- 0977-8

Cavallo R.A., Rizzi C., Vozza T. and Stabili L. 1999. Viable heterotrophic bacteria in water and sediment in ‘Mar Piccolo’ of Taranto (Ionian Sea, Italy). J.Appl. Microbiol. 86: 906–916

Chandramohan D. 1997. Recent advances in marine microbiology: The Indian Scenario. J. Marine Biotechnology 5 : 73-81

Chen H., Li J., Xing X., Du Z. and Chen G. 2015. Unexpected Diversity of Magnetococci in intertidal sediments of Xiaoshi Island in the North Yellow Sea. Journal of Nanomaterials Volume 2015, Article ID 902121, 11 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/902121

Claus, D. and R.C.W. Berkeley, 1986. Genus Bacillus, Cohn, 1872. P. H. A. Sneath, N. S Mair, M. E. Sharpe, J. G Holt JG (Eds.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Vol. 2. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co., pp: 1105-1139.

Doghri I., Rodrigues S., Bazire A., Dufour A., Akbar D.,Sopena V., Sablé S. and Isabelle Lannelue I. 2015. Marine bacteria from the French Atlantic coast displaying high forming-biofilm abilities and different biofilm 3D architectures. BMC Microbiology 15:231- 240

Edward, G. J. 1997 Bergey’s Manual of Derminative Bacteriology (9th edition). WMC Brown Publishers, USA, 712-829.

Elisa L.Y.T., Mariana M.P., Emma L.J. and Katherine A.D. 2015. Differences in intertidal microbial assemblages on urban structures and natural rocky reef. Frontiers in Microbiology 6, article 1276

Feng B., Li X., Wang J., Hu Z., Meng H., Xiang L. and Quan Z. 2009. Bacterial diversity of water and sediment in the Changjiang estuary and coastal area of the East China Sea. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 70 : 236–248

Gouda M.K., Jammo K.M. and Awad H.E. 2006. Distribution of heterotrophic aerobic marine bacteria in sediment in Eastern Harbour of Alexandria. Annals of Microbiology, 56 (4): 295- 304

Goutam K. and Ramanathan A. 2013 Microbial Diversity in the surface sediments and its Interaction with nutrients of mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences 2(1): 25-30

Govindasamy C., Ruban P., Arulpriya M., Srinivasan R. and N. Meena. 2011. Biochemical characterization of total Heterotrophic bacteria (THB) in Muthukuda mangroves, Southeast Coast of India. African Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 3 (6): 285-289

Govindasamy C., Ruban P. and Sekar S. 2012. Seasonal distribution of halophilic bacterial population in water and sediment at Muthupet mangrove, Tamilnadu. Elixir Pollution 44: 7320-7323

Hammer O., Harper D.A.T. and Ryan P.D. 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica 4(1):9

Harvey H.W. 1960. The chemistry and fertility of seawater. Cambridge Univ. Press. 2nd edition. pp 204

Jackson M.L. 1967. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall India Ltd. New Delhi pp 498

Kannan L. and Vasantha K.1986. Distribution of heterotrophic bacteria in Vellar estuary, east coast of India. Ind. J. Mar. Sci. 15: 265-267

Kokare C.R., Mahadik K.R., Kadam S.S. and Chopada B.A. 2004. Isolation, characterization and antibacterial activity of marine halophilic Actinopolyspora species AH1 from the west coast of India. Curr Sci 86:593–597

Kumar S. and Kannabiran K. 2010. Diversity and optimization of process parameters for the growth of Streptomyces VITSVK9 sp. isolated from Bay of Bengal, India. J.Nat.Env.Sci. 1: 56-65

Lakshmipriya V.P. and Sivakumar K. 2012. Isolation and characterization of total heterotrophic bacteria and exopolysachcharide produced from mangrove ecosystem. Int.J.Phar.Biol.Archi. 3 : 679-684

Mary A. and Miller W.L. 2007. Resourceful heterotrophs make the most of light in the coastal ocean. Nature Microbiological Review. 5:793-800.

Mogal H.F. and Dube H.C. 1995. Heterotrophic bacterial population of waters of Dandi sea coast. Ind. J. Microbiology 35(1): 43-46

Murugesan P., Revathi K., Elayaraja S., Vijayalakshmi, S. and Balasubramanian T. 2012. Distribution of enteric bacteria in the sediments of Parangipettai and Cuddalore coast of India. J. Environ. Biol. 33 (4): 705-711

Nair S., Lokabharathi P. and Achutankutty C.K. 1978. Distribution of hetero-trophic bacteria in marine sediments. Ind. J. Mar.Sci. 7:18-22

Nithya C. and Pandyan S.K. 2010. Isolation of heterotrophic bacteria from Palk Bay sediments showing heavy metal tolerance and antibiotic production. Microbiological Research 165 : 578-593

Oliver J.D. 1982. Taxonomy scheme for identification of marine bacteria. Deep Sea Rese. 29: 795-798

Palaniappan R. and Krishnamurthy K. 1985. Heterotrophic bacteria in near shore waters of Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. Indian J Mar Sci. 14: 113-114

Prabhu S. K., Subramanian B. and Mahadevan A. 1990. Occurrence and distribution of heterotrophic bacteria off Madras coast. Mahasagar 23 (1): 43-47.

Pradeep Ram A.S., S. Nair and D.Chandramohan 2003. Bacterial growth efficiency in the tropical estuarine and coastal waters of Goa, southwest coast of India. Microbial Ecology 45: 88-96

Priya M.D., Kalekar S.and Saroj B. 2004. Diversity of free living and adhered bacteria from mangrove swamps. Ind. J. Microbiology 4:247-250

Raghavendrudu G. and Kondalarao B. 2008. Density of heterotrophic bacteria in Meghadri mangrove ecosystem, Visakhapatnam, east coast of India. J. Marine Biological Assn. India 50(1) :1-4

Rajeswari S., Shome B.R., Mandal A.B. and A.K.Bandhopadhyay 1995. Bacterial flora in mangroves of Andamans. Part I: Isolation, identification and antibiogram studies. Ind. J.Mar.Sci. 4:97-98

Ramaiah N., Raghukumar C., Sheelu G. and Chandramohan D. 1996. Bacterial abundance , communities and heterotrophic activities in the coastal waters of Tamilnadu. Ind. J.Mar.Sci. 25:234-239

Ramamurthy T., Raju R.M. and Natarajan R. 1990. Distribution of methanogenic bacteria in mangrove sediments of Pichavaram, east coast of India. Indian J, Mar. Sci. 19: 260-273

Rublee P.A. 1982. Bacteria and microbial distribution in estuarine sediments. pp 159-182. In V.S.Kennedy (Ed.) Estuarine comparisons, Academic press, New York USA.

Saravanan S., Sivakumar K., Thamizhmani R. and R. Senthilkumaran. 2013. Studies on Microbial Diversity in Marine ecosystem of Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci 2(1): 20-32

Schlieper C. (editor) 1972. Research methods in marine biology. Sidgwick & Jackson, London. pp 356

Sneath P.H.A., Stanley T/J., Kreig N.R. and Williams S.T.1987. Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology Vol II. The Williams And Wilkins Press. Baltimore, USA pp 1599

Surajit D., Lyla P.S. and Ajmal Khan S. 2006. Marine microbial diversity and ecology: importance and future perspectives. Curr.Sci. 90 (10): 1325-1335

Vasantha K. and Kannan L. 1987. Distribution of heterotrophic bacteria in the Killai backwaters, Porto Novo, southeast coast of India. Mahasagar 20: 32-35

Velankar N.K. 1957. Bacteria isolated from seawater and marine mud of Mandapam (Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay). Ind. J. Fish. 4:208-227.

Vijayakumar R., Murugesan S. and Panneerselvam A., 2010 Isolation, characterization and antimicrobial activity of actinobacteria from point calimere coastal region, east coast of India, Int Res J Pharam, 1, 358–365.

Wang Y., Sheng H., He Y., Wu J., Jiang Y., Tam N.F. and Zhou H 2012. Comparison of the levels of bacterial diversity in freshwater, intertidal wetland and marine sediments by using millions of illumina tags. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 78 (23): 8264-827

Wang L., Liu L., Zheng B., Zhu Y. and Wang X. 2013. Analysis of the bacterial community in the two typical intertidal sediments of Bohai Bay, China by pyrosequencing. Marine Pollution Bulletin 72 :181–187

Yogita N. and Saroj B..2002. Organic solvent tolerant bacteria in mangrove ecosystem. Curr. Sci. 82(6):622-623

Zheng B., Wang L. and Liu L. 2014. Bacterial community structure and its regulating factors in the intertidal sediment along the Liaodong Bay of Bohai Sea, China. Microbiological Research 169 : 585–592


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2017 International Educational Applied Scientific Research Journal